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Arthroscopy is a procedure that is apt diagnosing and treating joint problems. Here the surgeon inserts a narrow tube through a small insertion of the size of a button hole that is connected to a fiber-optic video camera. This instruments has a small lens and lighting system that helps to give a clear picture of the joint. Here the light is transmitted through the fiber optics through the end of the arthroscope. The surgeon will be able to view the interior of the joint with the help of the miniature television that is attached to the arthroscope. It is used as a diagnostic or corrective procedure for relieving the pain arthritis of patients or just mending the ligaments.
Arthroscopic surgery is performed on the knee, hip, shoulder, ankle, wrist, or elbow. The surgeon recommends it depending on the nature of the problem. Here the torn cartilage of the knee is removed and this procedure is called the meniscectomy. Similar to this you have a repair or removal of the scar tissue on the patella or kneecap. Hip arthroscopy include removing bone fragments of the hip joints or pieces of cartilage which have separated from the surrounding tissue. In the case of shoulder arthroscopy repair of the rotator cuff as well as getting rid of loose body is also done.
After undergoing surgery there will be some procedures to be followed. This will be recommended by your doctors or your therapist.
Medications: You will be put under medication to ensure that you heal quickly and relieve you of the pain.
Protection: To ensure that you don’t move the joint that has undergone surgery you will be required to use temporary slings or crutches.
Exercise: The doctor may also prescribe simple exercises that can strengthen your muscles and ensure quick recovery.
RICE (rest, ice, compress and elevate):Here this gives relief to the joint and can reduce the swelling greatly.